Skip to main content

Open Access

Glossary of terms

Article processing charge (APC)

A fee paid to the publisher to make articles open access at the time of publication. This is not the same as 'page charges' or 'colour charges'.

Accepted version (post-print)

The version of the paper that has been through a formal peer-review process but does not include publisher’s copy-editing, typesetting and formatting. The accepted version is also referred to as the post-print, author's accepted manuscript (AAM), or author-final copy.


An individual or group of researchers that has made significant intellectual contribution to a research output.

Book processing charge (BPC)

A fee paid to the publisher to make a book freely available online.

Gold open access

A work is open access immediately via a fully open access publication outlet. This is considered ‘born’ or ‘natively’ open access.

Green open access

Making research outputs open access via an institutional repository – such as UNSWorks at UNSW.

Hybrid open access

Making an individual work open access in an otherwise subscription-based publication outlet. 

Institutional repository

A digital archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating the outputs of an institution. At UNSW, this refers to UNSWorks. 


Structured information about the attributes of a research output or collection of research outputs that enables that output or collection to be identified, retrieved and managed over time. Typically includes fields such as title, authors, journal name, volume, issue and page numbers, and may also include data by or about any grants associated with the output. 

Open access

Making research outputs permanently and freely available via the internet, permitting a user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. This definition is based on the Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002).


The creation of new knowledge and/or use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies, inventions and understandings. This could include synthesis and analysis of previous research to the extent that it is new and creative.

Research outputs

Dissemination of findings, whether in hardcopy, electronic or other form that communicates the products of research. For example, a book, a journal article, working paper or multimedia work. 


Research Outputs System hosted by UNSW Library to harvest and manage UNSW author research outputs for the purpose of research assessment and management. 


Making a copy of a manuscript available through an institutional repository or other repository.


SHERPA/RoMEO is an online resource that aggregates and analyses publisher open access policies from around the world and provides summaries of self-archiving permissions and conditions of rights given to authors on a journal-by-journal basis.


UNSW's institutional repository. It aims to collect, preserve and showcase the research outputs of UNSW staff and students. Research outputs can be deposited into UNSWorks, making them openly accessible, discoverable and reusable by researchers and the general public

Further support

Contact your Outreach Librarian.