Although publishing in a subscription-based journal means that your work is available to individuals or institutions that subscribe to the journal, such articles can still be made open access.
Green open access, or self-archiving, involves uploading a version of your manuscript into an open access repository, making it freely accessible for everyone. Most publishers allow self-archiving, sometimes with an embargo period.
Subscription-based journals often ask authors to transfer copyright to the publisher and there may be restrictions on how the work can be re-used.
- to check a journal or publisher’s copyright and self-archiving policy. Policies are colour coded (yellow, blue, green or white)
- when considering where to publish and to verify publisher permissions after publication
Open access journals
Publishing in an open access journal makes the final version of an article immediately available on the publisher's website. This model, gold open access, is often associated with a payment to the publisher, or article processing charge (APC). Although APCs can vary widely in cost, many open access journals do not charge authors to publish.
Gold OA usually refers to a journal that publishes all its content open access, such as PLOS ONE. In these journals, copyright is often retained by the author and there are typically less restrictions on re-use.
Publishers sometimes offer authors the option of making a single article open access in a subscription-based journal, subject to paying an APC. This hybrid open access model is discouraged by UNSW. Hybrid represents a second income stream to publishers and has raised the issue of ‘double dipping’.